Interview Question and Answers WCF-3

What is the difference WCF and Web services?
Web services can only be invoked by HTTP (traditional webservice with .asmx). While WCF Service or a WCF component can be invoked by any protocol (like http, tcp etc.) and any transport type.

Second web services are not flexible. However, WCF Services are flexible. If you make a new version of the service then you need to just expose a new end. Therefore, services are agile and which is a very practical approach looking at the current business trends.

We develop WCF as contracts, interface, operations, and data contracts. As the developer we are more focused on the business logic services and need not worry about channel stack. WCF is a unified programming API for any kind of services so we create the service and use configuration information to set up the communication mechanism like HTTP/TCP/MSMQ etc
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What are various ways of hosting WCF Services?
There are three major ways of hosting a WCF services
• Self-hosting the service in his own application domain. This we have already covered in the first section. The service comes in to existence when you create the object of Service Host class and the service closes when you call the Close of the Service Host class.

• Host in application domain or process provided by IIS Server.
• Host in Application domain and process provided by WAS (Windows Activation Service) Server.
What was the code name for WCF?
The code name of WCF was Indigo .
WCF is a unification of .NET framework communication technologies which unites the following technologies:-
NET remoting
Web services

What are the main components of WCF?
The main components of WCF are
1. Service class
2. Hosting environment
3. End point

How to set the timeout property for the WCF Service client call?
The timeout property can be set for the WCF Service client call using binding tag.
binding = "wsHttpBinding"
bindingConfiguration = "LongTimeout"
<binding name = "LongTimeout" sendTimeout = "00:04:00"/>
If no timeout has been specified, the default is considered as 1 minute.

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